The Invention of the Fax Machine
Fax Machine QuestionWhen was the first fax machine invented?
Fax Machine Answer: 1846The first fax machine was invented by clockmaker Alexandar Bain in 1846 (no, not a typo). Inventors Frederick Bakewell and Giovanni Caselli both improved upon Bain's concept in 1851 and 1861, respectively. Who would have thought that the fax machine pre-dated the invention of the telephone?
According to Wikipedia, Bain used a clock to synchronize the movement of two pendulums for line-by-line scanning of a message. For transmission, he applied metal pins arranged on a cylinder made of insulating material and an electric probe that transmitted on-off pulses scanned the pins. The message was reproduced at the receiving station on electrochemically sensitive paper impregnated with a chemical solution similar to that developed for a chemical telegraph.