Forrest M. Mims III: Vibration Sensor ProjectBy Forrest M. Mims III
Description: Vibration sensor with no moving parts
Assembly Time: 1 hour
Skill Level: Intermediate
Simple vibration and motion sensors can be made using a pendulum switch, mercury switch or one of many other methods. The Vibration Sensor Project uses no moving parts to detect vibration. Instead, a piezo speaker element is used as a sensitive vibration sensor.
Electronics DIY Project
How It WorksThe piezo speaker is connected to the input of an op amp operated as a comparator. This operation is achieved by eliminating the usual feedback resistor between the output (pin 6) and the inverting input (pin 2). In operation, subtle vibrations cause the piezo element to generate a small voltage. The LED glows when the voltage exceeds that applied to pin 3 of the op amp by sensitivity control R2.
Step 1 – LTC1050 Op Amp & Socket: U1- Take note of the orientation of the IC and IC socket by looking at the notch and matching the notch of the IC to the notch of the PCB. See Figure 1.
Step 2 – Non-Polarized Resistor Color Code:
R1 is a 3.9MΩ resistor that can be installed in any direction. (orange - white - green - gold)
R2 is a potentiometer, solder all three leads on the board.
R3 is a 1K resistor that can be installed in any direction, 1K (brown - black - red - gold)
Step 3 – Piezo:
Connect the red positive lead to the square pad inside the circle labeled PIEZO. Then connect the ground (black wire) to the circular pad next to it.
Step 4 – LEDs:
D1 - Connect the cathode (short side) leg of the LED to the square pad labeled D1.
Be sure to have the cathode end (shorter lead) facing the side with the flat edge. See Figure 2.
Figure 2: LED Polarity
Step 5 – Battery
U2- Connect the battery positive (red wire) to the "+" pad on the PCB board, and the ground (black wire) to the "–" pad on the PCB.
Step 6 – Attaching it all together
You can use double sided tape or hot glue to attach the piezo to the PCB.
Circuit for the vibration sensor.